Pediatric Eyecare of Northern Jersey
Glossary of eye terminology
Glossary of Eye Terminology
: A vision condition in which nearby objects are blurry. Also called hyperopia
: A condition in which close objects appear clearly, but far ones don't. Also called myopia
: A defect in the eye or in a lens caused by a deviation from spherical curvature, which results in distorted images.
: Abnormal alignment of the eyes; the condition of having a squint.
: A form of strabismus (eye misalignment) referring to eyes that turn outward.
: False appearance of misaligned eye
: A form of strabismus, or “squint,” in which one or both eyes turns inward.
: A condition of misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), whereby the visual axis of one eye is higher than the fellow fixating eye.
: Decreased vision that results from abnormal visual development in infancy and early childhood.
: Ingrowth or introversion of the eyelashes.
: A drooping or falling of the upper eyelid.
: A condition of involuntary eye movement, acquired in infancy or later in life, that may result in reduced or limited vision
Pink eye (conjunctivitis)
: An inflammation or infection of the transparent membrane (conjunctiva) that lines your eyelid and covers the white part of your eyeball.
: inflammation of the retina of the eye.
: A red, painful lump near the edge of the eyelid that may look like a boil or pimple.
: The third and inner coat of the eye which is a light-sensitive layer of tissue.
: The transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.
: A thin, circular structure in the eye, responsible for controlling the diameter and size of the pupil and thus the amount of light reaching the retina.
: A term for a group of eye disorders which result in damage to the optic nerve.
: A clouding of the lens in the eye leading to a decrease in vision.